Novosibirsk scientists start to treat patients using faecal transplants
Scientists in Novosibirsk have begun to treat protracted diarrhoea with faecal transplants. The method is cheap and simple, and is already used in the U.S., news agency RIA Novosti reported on 13 March with a quote from academician Valentin Vlasov, the director of the Institute of Chemical Biology and Fundamental Medicine, part of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
According to the scientist, the method of treating diarrhoea using faecal transplants from donors with the correct microflora was approved in the United States in June 2013.
Vlasov specified that this applies to protracted diarrhoea caused by the bacterium Clostridium dificile, which is resistant to antibiotics. It kills about 15,000 people every year in the United States; no such statistics are available in Russia, he added.
«A faecal transplant solves this problem in one day. It’s introduced to a certain deep point through an endoscope. It was usually done from relatives. With great difficulty, I persuaded [scientists] to look into this; the first patients have came [to the Centre for New Medical Technologies at the institute], but there’s just a great deal of prejudice,» the agency quotes the academician as saying
Vlasov remarked that this treatment method has been studied for a relatively short period of time, and there is a chance that such a transplant could help with other diseases. For example, American scientists have found that intestinal microflora can affect obesity, while their Australian counterparts are looking for a link between the absence of certain bacteriophages in faeces and nervous system disorders.
The method is simple, does not cost much and does not require the use of special devices, stated the scientist.